Juan Carlos Martinez Oliva, former visiting fellow at the Peterson Institute, is a principal director in the Economics, Research, and International Relations Area of the Bank of Italy. He was a visiting professor at Università di Perugia (1989–90), Università di Genova (1990–92), and Università LUISS–Guido Carli (2006–08). In 2005 he was a visiting scholar at the University of California Berkeley. Since 1988 he has headed the International Economy and European Economic Community (EEC) Affairs Office at the Research Department of the Bank of Italy and participated regularly in standing committee meetings at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the EEC. He was economic adviser to the minister of treasury at the ECOFIN (1989–90) and alternate member of the Economic Policy Committee of the EEC (1992–93). In 1994–96 he was economic advisor in the Board of the International Monetary Fund. In 1997–2007 he headed the historical research area of the Bank of Italy and was a member of the Academic Advisory Council of the European Association for Banking and Financial History. In 2009, as economic expert in the field of international monetary cooperation, he collaborated with the Ministry of Economy and Finance for the preparation of the 2009 G-8 Summit Meeting. For his distinguished civilian career he was awarded the knighthood of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic in 2010.
He has authored, coauthored, or edited many economic and historical publications in international policy coordination, monetary policy, international monetary system, and European integration. These include "The Role of International Money," in Global Financial Crises: National Economic Solutions, Geopolitical Impacts (2010, forthcoming); "Between National Interest and International Cooperation: Italy and the Bretton Woods System in the 1960s" and "Too Much For One Country: The United States and the Bretton Woods System, 1958–1971," in International Monetary Cooperation Across the Atlantic (2009); "The Italian Stabilization of 1947: Domestic and International Factors," Institute of European Studies Paper (University of California Berkeley, 2007); "Monetary Integration in the Roman Empire," in From the Athenian Tetradrachm to the Euro—Studies in European Monetary Integration (2007); "The Story of a Story: The Genesis of a Study on Italy and the European Payments Union," in European Central Banks And Monetary Cooperation After 1945 (2006); "The Stabilization of the Italian Lira and the ''Quota Novanta''," Journal of European Economic History (Spring 2006); "International Adjustment and the Dollar: A Game-Theory Approach," in International Economic Policy Coordination (1991); "One Remark on Spillover Effects and the Gains from Coordination," Oxford Economic Papers (January 1991); "The Game-Theoretic Approach to International Policy Coordination: Assessing the Role of Targets," Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv (1988); and "Policy Makers'' ''Revealed Preferences'' and Macroeconomic Policy Coordination: An Appraisal," Economic Notes (1988).
He is coeditor of Continental and Global Networks of Credit and Capital in Historical Perspective, with P. Hertner and G. Teichmann (2011, forthcoming); Banking and Finance in the Mediterranean: A Historical Perspective, with J. Consiglio and G. Tortella Casares (2010, forthcoming); International Monetary Cooperation Across the Atlantic, with Harold James (2009), and European Central Banks and Monetary Cooperation After 1945, with P. Clement (2006).
He holds a degree in international economics from Università La Sapienza, Rome, and pursued postdoctoral studies at the Institute of World Economics, Kiel, Germany.