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Regional Trading Blocs

Essential Reading Items

Paper: Submission to the USTR in Support of a Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper submitted to the United States Trade Representative on the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
January 25, 2010

Speech: The Future of APEC and Its Core Agenda
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Keynote speech delivered to the APEC 2010 Symposium, Tokyo, Japan
December 9, 2009

Policy Brief 09-16: Pacific Asia and the Asia Pacific: The Choices for APEC
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
July 2009

Policy Brief 08-5: World Trade at Risk
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
May 2008

Policy Brief 07-2: Toward a Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
February 2007

Book: NAFTA Revisited: Achievements and Challenges
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer and Jeffrey J. Schott assisted by Paul L. E. Grieco and Yee Wong
October 2005

Working Paper 97-3: Open Regionalism
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics

Article: Challenges to the Free Trade Area of the Americas
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Article published in Economic Perspectives
An electronic journal of the US Department of State
Vol. 7, No. 3
October 2002

Working Paper 03-7: Labor Standards and the Free Trade Area of the Americas
by Kimberly Ann Elliott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
August 2003


Policy Briefs

14-13: NAFTA at 20: Misleading Charges and Positive Achievements [pdf]
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Cathleen Cimino, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Tyler Moran, Peterson Institute for International Economics
May 2014

14-2: Addressing Currency Manipulation Through Trade Agreements [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
January 2014

13-22: Ukraine's Choice: European Association Agreement or Eurasian Union? [pdf]
by Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics
September 2013

13-10: Four Changes to Trade Rules to Facilitate Climate Change Action [pdf]
by Aaditya Mattoo, The World Bank
and Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
April 2013

12-12: Japan Post: Anti-Reform Law Clouds Japan's Entry to the Trans-Pacific Partnership [pdf]
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Julia Muir, Peterson Institute for International Economics
May 2012

10-28: KORUS FTA 2.0: Assessing the Changes [pdf]
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
December 2010

09-16: Pacific Asia and the Asia Pacific: The Choices for APEC [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
July 2009

09-15: India-Pakistan Trade: A Roadmap for Enhancing Economic Relations [pdf]
by Mohsin S. Khan, Peterson Institute for International Economics
July 2009

08-5: World Trade at Risk [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
May 2008

07-3: China and Economic Integration in East Asia: Implications for the United States [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
March 2007

07-2: Toward a Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
February 2007

04-2: Labor Standards, Development, and CAFTA [pdf]
by Kimberly Ann Elliott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
March 2004

01-1: Brunei: A Turning Point for APEC?
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
February 2001


Working Papers

13-11: AGOA Rules: The Intended and Unintended Consequences of Special Fabric Provisions [pdf]
by Lawrence Edwards, Cape Town University
and Robert Z. Lawrence, Peterson Institute for International Economics
November 2013

13-6: The Hyperglobalization of Trade and Its Future [pdf]
by Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Martin Kessler, Peterson Institute for International Economics
July 2013

12-17: Prospects for Services Trade Negotiations [pdf]
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Minsoo Lee, Asian Development Bank
and Julia Muir, Peterson Institute for International Economics
October 2012

12-6: Transportation and Communication Infrastructure in Latin America: Lessons from Asia [pdf]
by Barbara Kotschwar, Peterson Institute for International Economics
April 2012

11-21: Asian Regional Policy Coordination [pdf]
by Edwin M. Truman, Peterson Institute for International Economics
December 2011

11-13: Integration in the Absence of Institutions: China–North Korea Cross-Border Exchange [pdf]
by Stephan Haggard, University of California, San Diego
and Jennifer Lee, Eurasia Group
and Marcus Noland, Peterson Institute for International Economics
August 2011

07-1: The Trade Effects of Preferential Arrangements: New Evidence from the Australia Productivity Commission [pdf]
by Dean A. DeRosa, Peterson Institute for International Economics
January 2007

05-13: Predicting Trade Expansion under FTAs and Multilateral Agreements [pdf]
by Dean A. DeRosa, ADR International Ltd.
and John P. Gilbert, Utah State University
October 2005

05-12: Prospects for Regional Free Trade in Asia [pdf]
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Yee Wong, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
October 2005

03-7: Labor Standards and the Free Trade Area of the Americas [pdf]
by Kimberly Ann Elliott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
August 2003

02-6: Economic Issues Raised by Treatment of Takings Under NAFTA Chapter 11 [pdf]
by Edward M. Graham, Peterson Institute for International Economics
November 2002

98-4: NAFTA Supplemental Agreements: Four Year Review
by Jacqueline McFadyen, Peterson Institute for International Economics

97-3: Open Regionalism
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics

96-12: APEC in 1996 and Beyond: The Subic Summit
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics

96-5: China's Economic Reforms: Chronology and Statistics [pdf]
by Gautam Jaggi, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Mary Rundle, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Daniel H. Rosen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Yuichi Takahashi, Peterson Institute for International Economics
January 1996

96-1: APEC after Osaka: Toward Free Trade by 2010/2020
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics

95-4: Association of Southeast Asian Nations and ASEAN Free Trade Area
by Gautam Jaggi, Peterson Institute for International Economics

95-2: From Bogor to Miami... and Beyond: Regionalism in the Asia-Pacific and the Western Hemisphere
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics

95-1: APEC: The Bogor Declaration and the Path Ahead
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics

94-3: Merchandise Trade in the APEC Region
by Paul Wonnacott, Peterson Institute for International Economics

94-2: Towards an Asia Pacific Investment Code
by Edward M. Graham, Peterson Institute for International Economics

94-1: APEC and Regional Trading Arrangements in the Pacific
by Jeffrey A. Frankel, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Sang-Jin Wei, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Ernesto Stein, Peterson Institute for International Economics


Testimony

Effects of Trade, Investment, and Industrial Policies in India [pdf]
by Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony submitted to the United States International Trade Commission Hearing on Trade Investment, and Industrial Policies in India: Effects
February 12, 2014

Impact of Recent and Pending Free Trade Agreements on Small Businesses [pdf]
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony submitted to the House Committee on Small Business hearing "Ready to Export: Small Business Policy Recommendations for USTR"
June 26, 2013

NAFTA and Autos
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony at the Oversight Hearing on Trade Policy and the US Automobile Industry
Senate Democratic Policy Committee
February 17, 2006

Free Trade Agreements: The Cost of US Nonparticipation
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony before the Subcommittee on Trade Committee on Ways and Means
United States House of Representatives
Washington, DC
March 29, 2001

APEC at Vancouver: The Finance Summit
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony before the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific Committee on International Relations
United States House of Representatives
Washington, DC
November 6, 1997

A Preliminary Evaluation of NAFTA
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony before the Subcommittee on Trade Ways and Means Committee
United States House of Representatives
Washington, DC
September 11, 1997

The Free Trade Area of the Americas: US Interests and Objectives
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Testimony before the Subcommittee on Trade Committee on Ways and Means
United States House of Representatives
Washington, DC
July 22, 1997


Op-eds

The Errors of Conservatives Obscure the Case for Trade
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times
July 22, 2014

A Win-Win-Win Solution for the Trans-Pacific Partnership
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Caixin Online
June 13, 2014

This Is Japan's Chance to Lead TPP Talks
by Adam S. Posen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Published in the Nikkei Asian Review. Reposted with permisssion.
April 18, 2014

Trading Places
by Caroline Freund, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in Foreign Policy
February 4, 2014

An Indian Trade Paradox
by Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Business Standard, New Delhi
January 10, 2014

Push for Customs Union Turns Friends to Foes
by Anders Aslund, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Moscow Times
September 9, 2013

Four Changes to Trade Rules to Facilitate Climate Change Action
by Aaditya Mattoo, The World Bank
and Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in VoxEU.org
May 4, 2013

Getting Japan to Guzzle American Gas
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed on Bloomberg.com
April 24, 2013

As Other Nations Prosper, So Will United States
by Robert Z. Lawrence, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Lawrence Edwards, Cape Town University
Op-ed in the Miami Herald
April 14, 2013

Too Much Legitimacy Can Hurt Global Trade
by Arvind Subramanian, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times
January 13, 2013

Asia's Service Sector Imperative
by Marcus Noland, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Donghyun Park, Asian Development Bank
and Gemma B. Estrada, Asian Development Bank
Op-ed in the APEC Currents Newsletter
December 2012

Mexico-Mercosur Auto Moves Send Mixed Signals
by Barbara Kotschwar, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Interview published by World Politics Review. Excerpt reposted with permission.
April 19, 2012

India-Pakistan Trade: The Most Favored Nation Breakthrough
by Mohsin S. Khan, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Reprinted with permission of Foreign Policy
November 4, 2011

Trade: An Opportunity About to Be Lost?
by Greg Mastel, Dutko Worldwide
and Howard F. Rosen, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Hill
May 20, 2011

Obama Trade Initiatives Are a Good Start
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Hill
March 22, 2010

A New Trade Plan for South Africa
by Robert Z. Lawrence, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Lawrence Edwards, Cape Town University
Op-ed in Mail & Guardian Online
May 22, 2008

The Democrats' Dangerous Trade Games
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Wall Street Journal
May 20, 2008

Committing the United States to Its Own Proposal Is a Start
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Australian Financial Review
September 3, 2007

Bullying Latin America
by Eric Farnsworth, Council of the Americas
and Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Baltimore Sun
August 2, 2007

Plan B for World Trade: Go Regional
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in the Financial Times
August 16, 2006

Lost in the Woods
by Lawrence Herman, Cassels Brock & Blackwell LLP
and Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
October 25, 2005

Korea's FTA Conundrum
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Op-ed in JoongAng Ilbo
November 10, 2003


Speeches and Papers

The United States, Japan, and the Trans-Pacific Partnership [pdf]
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Presented at a conference held by the High-Level Working Group on Japan-US Common Economic Challenges, cohosted by the Peterson Institute for International Economics, the Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA, and the Sasakawa Peace Foundation Japan
June 2, 2014

Asia-Pacific Economic Integration: Projecting the Path Forward [pdf]
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
April 2014

NAFTA and the North American Future [pdf]
by Robert B. Zoellick, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Prepared remarks delivered at the Baylor University conference "NAFTA in the Context of a Changing Global Economy"
October 15, 2013

The International Trade and Investment Policy of the European Union in the Next Decade
by Karel De Gucht, European Commissioner for Trade
Speech delivered at an event held at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington
December 16, 2010

Focus on Trade Agenda Could Reinvigorate APEC
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Interview with C. Fred Bergsten reposted with permission of the Asahi Shimbun
November 6, 2010

Asia-Pacific Regional Economic Integration and Architecture
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Speech delivered via video at the conference on Asia-Pacific Regional Economic Integration and Architecture at Auckland University, New Zealand
March 25, 2010

Submission to the USTR in Support of a Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper submitted to the United States Trade Representative on the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
January 25, 2010

The Future of APEC and Its Core Agenda
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Keynote speech delivered to the APEC 2010 Symposium, Tokyo, Japan
December 9, 2009

Trade and the Global Economic Crisis: "If It's Not Part of the Solution, It's Part of the Problem"
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Remarks presented at the APEC symposium, "Addressing the Economic Crisis, Preparing for Recovery," Singapore
July 17, 2009

Benefits of More Trade Between South Asian Rivals [pdf]
by Mohsin S. Khan, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Transcript from Peterson Perspectives: Interviews on Current Issues
July 13, 2009

Evolving Asia Pacific Regionalism: Challenges and Opportunities
by Phil Goff, Minister of Trade and Defense of New Zealand
Speech presented at a Peterson Institute event
June 9, 2008

Implementing the KORUS FTA: Key Challenges and Policy Proposals [pdf]
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Chapter 4 in Understanding New Political Realities in Seoul: Working toward a Common Approach to Strengthen U.S.-Korean Relations, eds. L. Gordon Flake and Park Ro-byug (The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation, Washington, 2008)
Posted with permission of the Mansfield Foundation
February 2008

China and the Multilateral Trading System [pdf]
by Robert Z. Lawrence, Peterson Institute for International Economics
October 2006

Does the FTAA Have a Future? [pdf]
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
November 2005

The Trans-Pacific Imbalance: A Disaster in the Making? [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Speech at the 16th General Meeting of the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) Seoul, South Korea
September 7, 2005

A New Strategy for APEC [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Speech at the 16th General Meeting of the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) Seoul, South Korea
September 6, 2005

Embedding Pacific Asia in the Asia Pacific: The Global Impact of an East Asian Community [pdf]
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Speech at the Japan National Press Club, Tokyo
September 2, 2005

Toward a Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Remarks at the APEC CEO Summit
Santiago, Chile
November 19, 2004

The Resurgent Japanese Economy and a Japan–United States Free Trade Agreement
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper presented to the Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan
Tokyo, Japan
May 12, 2004

The Prospects for Deeper North American Economic Integration: A US Perspective [pdf]
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
January 2004

US-Brazil Trade Relations in a New Era
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
To be published in O Brasil e os Estados Unidos num Mundo em Mutação
edited by Paulo Roberto de Almeida and Rubens Antonio Barbosa
November 2003

Whither NAFTA: A Common Frontier? [pdf]
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Gustavo Vega-Cánovas, El Colegio de Mexico
Forthcoming in The Rebordering of North America? Integration and Exclusion in a New Security Context
Peter Andreas and Thomas J. Biersteker, editors. Routledge, 2003.
December 2002

Challenges to the Free Trade Area of the Americas
by Jeffrey J. Schott, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Article published in Economic Perspectives
An electronic journal of the US Department of State
Vol. 7, No. 3
October 2002

NAFTA and the Environment: Lessons for Trade Policy
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Diana Orejas, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Speech delivered at the International Policy Forum
Organized by The Bildner Center, Western Hemisphere Studies
New York
February 28, 2001

Back to the Future: APEC Looks at Subregional Trade Agreements to Achieve Free Trade Goal
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Speech given at the Pacific Basin Economic Council luncheon
Washington, DC
October 31, 2000

NAFTA in a Skeptical Age: The Way Forward
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Washington, DC
July 2000

The Trade and Investment Regime in the First Decade of the 21st Century
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper for the Confederacao Nacional da Industria
The Future of Industry at the Onset of the 21st Century
Brasilia, Brazil
March 23-24, 1999

The Outlook for US- Brazilian Trade and Investment Under FTAA: Some Lessons from NAFTA
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Barbara Oegg, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper for "Brazil as an Export Economy"
St. Anthony's College, Oxford
December 7, 1998

The Future of Regional Trading Arrangements in the Western Hemisphere
by Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
and Barbara Kotschwar, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Paper for Michigan State University 10th Anniversary Conference
"The US-Canada Free Trade Agreement"
September 11-12, 1998

The Finance Summit
by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Speech before the APEC CEO Summit
Vancouver, Canada
November 22, 1997