POLICY BRIEF 10-27

How Europe Can Muddle Through Its Crisis

by Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Peterson Institute for International Economics

December 2010

Europe's financial market contagion is infecting systemically important eurozone members, causing a rise in demands that European policymakers make greater strides toward solutions. While Jacob Funk Kirkegaard believes that the European Union will do "whatever it takes" to save the euro and the eurozone, he argues that powerful political constraints prevent EU leaders from making optimal decisions. Europe can get through the current crisis by producing a compromise among member states in the form of a permanent European Stability Mechanism (ESM) with an option to issue a conditional Eurobond, which would aid eurozone members suffering asymmetric economic shocks in return for taking domestic reforms to return to a sustainable fiscal path. An ESM with a conditional Eurobond option offers a less clear-cut solution than a full fiscal union, a straightforward Eurobond, European Central Bank money-printing, or a breakup of the eurozone.

View full document [pdf]


RELATED LINKS

Testimony: European Banking Union: Current Outlook and Short-Term Choices February 26, 2014

Book: Responding to Financial Crisis: Lessons from Asia Then, the United States and Europe Now October 2013

Policy Brief 13-17: A Realistic Bridge Towards European Banking Union June 2013

Op-ed: Five Myths about the Euro Crisis September 7, 2012

Article: Why the Euro Will Survive: Completing the Continent's Half-Built House August 22, 2012

Testimony: Challenges of Europe's Fourfold Union August 1, 2012

Policy Brief 12-18: The Coming Resolution of the European Crisis: An Update June 2012

Book: Transatlantic Economic Challenges in an Era of Growing Multipolarity July 2012

Book: Resolving the European Debt Crisis March 2012

Policy Brief 12-20: Why a Breakup of the Euro Area Must Be Avoided: Lessons from Previous Breakups August 2012

Policy Brief 12-5: Interest Rate Shock and Sustainability of Italy's Sovereign Debt February 2012

Speech: Italy's Effect on the Global Economy February 9, 2012

Policy Brief 12-4: The European Crisis Deepens January 2012

Policy Brief 11-13: Europe on the Brink July 2011

Working Paper 11-2: Too Big to Fail: The Transatlantic Debate January 2011

Policy Brief 10-14: In Defense of Europe's Grand Bargain June 2010

Op-ed: The Follies of Federalism August 5, 2007

Book: Transforming the European Economy September 2004



© 2014 Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics. 1750 Massachusetts Avenue, NW.
Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 202-328-9000 Fax: 202-659-3225 / 202-328-5432
Site development and hosting by Digital Division