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Working Paper 14-5

The Federal Reserve Engages the World (1970-2000): An Insider's Narrative of the Transition to Managed Floating and Financial Turbulence

by Edwin M. Truman, Peterson Institute for International Economics

August 2014

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This paper traces the evolution of the Federal Reserve and its engagement with the global economy over the last three decades of the 20th century: 1970 to 2000. The paper examines the Federal Reserve's role in international economic and financial policy and analysis covering four areas: the emergence and taming of the great inflation, developments in US external accounts, foreign exchange analysis and activities, and external financial crises. It concludes that during this period the US central bank emerged to become the closest the world has to a global central bank.

Data disclosure: The data underlying this analysis are available here for figures 1, 2, 3, and 6 [xlsx] and figures 4, 5, and 7 [xlsx].


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