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Assessing the Strategic and Economic Dialogue

by C. Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute for International Economics

Statement before the Hearing on Reviewing the US–China Strategic and Economic Dialogue, Subcommittee on Security and International Trade and Finance, Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, United States Senate
May 23, 2012

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Toward a G-2

I have proposed since 2004 that the United States and China create an informal G-2 to help steer the world economy. The reason is simple: Progress is impossible on most important global economic issues without agreement by these two global economic superpowers. Examples including exchange rates and the international monetary system, the world trade regime and climate change. (The one notable exception is financial regulatory reform, where China is not yet an important player so most decisions remain with a subset of the membership of the Financial Stability Board.)

There are now three global economic superpowers, the European Union along with China and the United States. But Europe, or even the more integrated euro area, speaks with a single voice on very few issues. Moreover, its current economic weakness limits its influence on most topics. So a G-2 is the only practical possibility for achieving effective global economic leadership.


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Policy Brief 10-7: The Sustainability of China's Recovery from the Global Recession March 2010

Testimony: Correcting the Chinese Exchange Rate: An Action Plan March 24, 2010

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